Serge PICAUD (INSERM Research Director) is Department Chair at the Vision Institute, Paris, France. He has published more than 100 scientific papers on retinal function in normal and pathological conditions. After characterizing the physiology of photoreceptors, he investigated the mechanisms of their degeneration in cell and animal models to develop therapeutic strategies. Recently, he has examined how blue light affects retinal cell survival using an innovative light exposure device. In parallel, he is developing retinal prostheses and microbial opsins to restore vision in blind patients. Clinical translation of these therapeutic approaches has contributed to spinoff companies.